IJIRST (International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology)ISSN (online) : 2349-6010

 International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology

Development of the Electro-Magnetic Brake


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International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology
Volume 1 Issue - 12
Year of Publication : 2015
Authors : Smit K. Patel ; Meet K. Patel; Anand R. Patel ; Chetan D. Sanghani ; Diptesh Patel

BibTeX:

@article{IJIRSTV1I12117,
     title={Development of the Electro-Magnetic Brake},
     author={Smit K. Patel, Meet K. Patel, Anand R. Patel , Chetan D. Sanghani and Diptesh Patel},
     journal={International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology},
     volume={1},
     number={12},
     pages={485--492},
     year={},
     url={http://www.ijirst.org/articles/IJIRSTV1I12117.pdf},
     publisher={IJIRST (International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology)},
}



Abstract:

Most of the braking systems utilize friction forces to transform the kinetic energy of a moving body into heat that is dissipated by the braking pads. The overuse of friction-type braking systems causes the temperature of the braking pads to rise, reducing the effectiveness of the system. An Electromagnetic Braking system uses Magnetic force to engage the brake, but the power required for braking is transmitted manually. The disc is connected to a shaft and the electromagnet is mounted on the frame .When electricity is applied to the coil a magnetic field is developed across the armature. The eddy-current is created by the relative motion between a magnet and a metal (or alloy) conductor. The current induces the reverse magnetic field and results in the deceleration of motion. The proposed mechanism implements this phenomenon in developing a braking system. The potential applications of the braking system can be a decelerating system to increase the safety of an elevator or any guided rail transportation system As a result it develops a torque and eventually the vehicle comes to rest. In this project the advantage of using the electromagnetic braking system in automobile is studied. These brakes can be incorporated in heavy vehicles as an auxiliary brake. The electromagnetic brakes can be used in commercial vehicles by controlling the current supplied to produce the magnetic flux. Making some improvements in the brakes it can be used in automobiles in future. . It also reduces the maintenance of braking system. An advantage of this system is that it can be used on any vehicle with minor modifications to the transmission and electrical systems.


Keywords:

Electromagnetic Braking, Electromagnet, Eddy Current, Magnetic Field, Bearing, Sensor, Proximity Sensor


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