IJIRST (International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology)ISSN (online) : 2349-6010

 International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology

Biogas Production in a Portable Anaerobic Digester


Print Email Cite
International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology
Volume 3 Issue - 8
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Zeenathul Farida Abdul Gani ; Ranjith Krishna M; Jeya Prakash K; Mathan Kumar R; Petchiappan S

BibTeX:

@article{IJIRSTV3I8028,
     title={Biogas Production in a Portable Anaerobic Digester},
     author={Zeenathul Farida Abdul Gani, Ranjith Krishna M, Jeya Prakash K, Mathan Kumar R and Petchiappan S},
     journal={International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology},
     volume={3},
     number={8},
     pages={24--29},
     year={},
     url={http://www.ijirst.org/articles/IJIRSTV3I8028.pdf},
     publisher={IJIRST (International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology)},
}



Abstract:

The objective of this proof of concept study is to make a prototype of an anaerobic digester to produce biogas from kitchen waste in batch mode. The insight and outcome from this work will be used for installing a scaled up facility to power a residential area or community neighborhood. In these localities, kitchen/food waste is one of the potential sources for biogas production. In anaerobic digestion, biogas is produced by the degradation of the organic food or vegetable waste by bacteria in the absence of air. The biogas that is formed is primarily composed of 55% methane and around 40 to 45% of carbon dioxide. The biogas after cleaning can be used for power generation. A series of trials were made with different feedstock in different proportion in a portable digester to observe biogas yield and the residence time needed for each feedstock combination to yield biogas. Containers of capacity 8 L, 20L and 50L were used. Measophylic temperature range is maintained and cow dung has been used as an inoculum. The biogas produced was qualitatively observed using syringe and plunger method. The scope of this undergraduate project is to qualitatively arrive at the insights on using various feedstock combinations and its effect on biogas generation.


Keywords:

Biogas Production, Portable Anaerobic Digester


Download Article