IJIRST (International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology)ISSN (online) : 2349-6010

 International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology

An Investigation of Clan Based Parliamentary System on Government Accountability: Case of Puntland State

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International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology
Volume 4 Issue - 4
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Mohamed Musse Mohamed


     title={An Investigation of Clan Based Parliamentary System on Government Accountability: Case of Puntland State},
     author={Mohamed Musse Mohamed},
     journal={International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology},
     publisher={IJIRST (International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology)},


In Africa, Parliaments are commonly seen to be ineffective, powerless, useless, often redundant, or just talk-shops (Nijzink, Shaheen, Elisabete & Mpanyane, 2009). After the collapse of the brutal tyranny regime led by Siyad Barre which ousted by the clan rebellions in 1991; Somalia experienced prolonged civil war and conflicts as notes Menkhaus, (2010), Somalia entered a long period of conflict and instability, resulting in the current failed state. The former greater Somalia is now divided into three territories: Somaliland, Puntland and South Central Somalia. Each of these territory is run independently by different levels of governments (Lewis, 2001). In 1998, the people of Puntland whose endogenous land was nicknamed ‘inaccessible’ during Sayid’s regime established the semi-autonomous state of Puntland on basis of clan-power-sharing with the government architecture of three arms: Legislative (66 members), Judiciary, and the Executives, and adopted a three-year charter envisioning a transition from the clan-based system to a democratic system by the end of the first government’s term (PDRC, 2015). Nevertheless, as Osman, & Ibrahim, (July 2005) state, “Puntland House of Representatives was formed with members identified and seat allocated on the basis of clan identity and power-sharing agreements between the clans.” The study seeks to investigate clan based parliamentary system on government accountability, with the objectives of the study focuses on how parliamentarians’ selection process affects government accountability, and how parliamentarians’ decision-making influences government accountability. Realizing the research objectives, the researcher employed descriptive research design to purposively target 50 people clustered around Puntland parliamentarians, traditional elders, retired politicians, and young educators of the community using population census for interviewing and analyzing with SPSS tool. Besides, the researcher took any step guaranteeing research ethics to avoid plagiarism. The researcher based on the research findings concludes that; there is a positive relationship between the clan based parliamentary system and Government accountability in Puntland State. This study agrees with other researchers that nothing is more dangerous than the influence of private interests in public affairs; it leads to the corruption of the legislator, which is an even worse evil than the abuse of the laws by the government because there is no effective PFM policies, functional procurement unit in the legislature, monitoring and evaluation against set goals in programmes, presenting annual audit reports to people and allowing CSOs to attend parliamentary sessions for budget setting and review. It also discovered that MPs selection is an exclusive approach 58% of the respondents underlined women and young men as the currently Puntland parliament 2(66) is women. This means that clan based parliamentary system can compromise government accountability in terms of service delivery and checking corruption and eliminates MPs’ legitimacy as people are reluctant to accept the decisions made by the legislature.


Investigation of Clan based Parliamentary System, Clan based Parliamentary System

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