IJIRST (International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology)ISSN (online) : 2349-6010

 International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology

Water Productivity of Sugarbeet Vs Sugarcane Cultivation in Punjab

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International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology
Volume 4 Issue - 9
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : Simranjit Singh ; Baljinder Kaur Sidana; Sunny Kumar


     title={Water Productivity of Sugarbeet Vs Sugarcane Cultivation in Punjab},
     author={Simranjit Singh, Baljinder Kaur Sidana and Sunny Kumar},
     journal={International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology},
     publisher={IJIRST (International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology)},


The present study examines the water as well as energy saving of sugarbeet vis-à-vis sugarcane crop in Punjab agriculture. It also compares the cost and return structure of sugarbeet and sugarcane cultivation in Punjab state so as to further strengthen the agricultural feasibility of sugarbeet in the country. The results revealed that growth in the sugarbeet area in World was positive till eighties, declined and turned negative thereafter depicting a significant decrease of 2.44 per cent per annum in the last fourteen years. Production does not exactly follow the same pattern as the drop in the sugarbeet area has been mitigated by significant increase in the yield by 2.48 per cent in the same period. Primary data pertaining to the year 2013-14 was collected using personal interview method from a sample of 40 sugarbeet growers scattered over 22 villages of three districts of Punjab namely Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Kapurthala through purposive sampling technique. The comparative economics revealed that the total variable cost was four times higher in sugarcane than sugarbeet whereas sugarcane crop gave much higher returns than beet crop. The per hectare net returns came out to be Rs. 24112 for sugarbeet where as it was Rs.100513 for sugarcane depicting a difference of Rs. 76401. Although the net returns were lower but the beet crop was effective in saving of irrigation water to the tune of 7020 cu.m/ha. The per hectare water productivity in beet crop was 13.98 kg per m3 where as in sugarcane it was 8.17 kg per m3, clearly showing that the productivity of sugarbeet was much higher than sugarcane crop. The important constraints in the cultivation of this crop were labour scarcity, high wages of hired labour, inadequate price, perishability of the crop and high incidence of insect-pest attack.


Water Productivity, Benefit-Cost Analysis, Energy Saving, Sugarbeet, Punjab

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