IJIRST (International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology)ISSN (online) : 2349-6010

 International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology

Bio-Energy---Highly Adaptable Energy System


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International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology
Volume 5 Issue - 1
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : Mary Vijaya Ratna A ; Dr. K. Radhakrishna

BibTeX:

@article{IJIRSTV5I1008,
     title={Bio-Energy---Highly Adaptable Energy System},
     author={Mary Vijaya Ratna A and Dr. K. Radhakrishna},
     journal={International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology},
     volume={5},
     number={1},
     pages={60--61},
     year={},
     url={http://www.ijirst.org/articles/IJIRSTV5I1008.pdf},
     publisher={IJIRST (International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology)},
}



Abstract:

Bio-energy is a unique renewable energy resource with complex and highly heterogeneous value chains. It is the production of energy from living or once living biological materials. Its use can provide benefits in terms of reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and as a means of lessening society’s dependence on fossil fuels. Biomass for energy can be used to provide heat, power and fuel for transport. There is substantial potential to develop a reliable, sustainable and economic supply of biomass and to encourage a multiplicity of uses for bio-energy. Substantial benefits should flow from a coordinated bio-energy strategy involving all relevant government departments and executive agencies. This should be facilitated by the Department of Energy and Climate Change which should be recognized as the Department responsible for leading the development and implementation of the strategy. The strategy should set long-term targets, make explicit roles of domestic and imported supplies of bio-energy, and develop plans for utilization of resources both within and outside government, including winning support from all relevant stakeholders. There is need for better information on land use, and improved understanding of how to optimize the use of available land to produce food, fibre and energy in a sustainable and cost effective manner. Development of large scale bio-refineries, improved methods of harvesting and transport suitable for use on marginal land, and of programmes of education for farmers about sustainable practices are also necessary. It can be confirmed that bio-energy could make a significant contribution to the energy system in a cost effective manner. It would also make an integral contribution to the goal of 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 In order that users will have confidence in the reliability of supplies of biomass and bio-fuels, it is essential that an efficient domestic system is developed for production of these fuels, at a scale substantially greater than those so far happened. In order to improve the competitiveness of bio-energy, new science and technology can be brought to bear, as this has potential for increasing the supply and reducing the cost of bio-energy.


Keywords:

Renewable Energy, Heterogeneous Chains, Bio-Energy, Bio-Mass, Bio Fuels, Algae, Fossil Fuels


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